Haute cuisine, translated from French as haute cuisine, was invented in France by George Augustine Escoffier in the mid-19th century. This kitchen is characterized by an elegant presentation with meticulous attention to detail and a rigorous search for quality ingredients and techniques. French is so strongly associated with cooking that it moves from professional kitchens to the home and then to the dining room. The French may take credit for inventing the restaurant, but they didn't invent cooking.
So why are so many cooking terms of French origin? Real chefs, political turmoil and five-star hotels play an important role. In 1651, chef La Varenne wrote Le cuisinier François, considered the basis of modern French cuisine. By simplifying Carême's formulas and also including his own particular touches, Escoffier was able to discover modern French cuisine. However, within 20 years, chefs began to return to the previous style of haute cuisine, although many of the new techniques remained.
Herbs and spices are also important to French cuisine and can bring deep flavor to otherwise subtle dishes. With the rise of haute cuisine, meals became smaller and presentations became more detailed and elegant. The cuisine was very rich and opulent, with delicious sauces made from butter, cream and flour, the basis of many typical French sauces that are still used today. Later, French cuisine expanded beyond the borders of France, and chefs from all over the world studied these published guidelines.
When Georges Auguste Escoffier came to the kitchens of César Ritz's hotel empire in the late 1890s, French cuisine was already firmly entrenched as the food of aristocrats and upper classes in Europe and the United States. Haute cuisine translates to “haute cuisine” and refers to a shift in French cuisine from an emphasis on abundance and quantity to an emphasis on moderation and quality. Haute cuisine represents cooking and eating carefully prepared food with regular, high-quality ingredients prepared by specialists and commissioned by those who have the financial means to do so. Haute cuisine differed from normal French cuisine by what it was cooked and served, by obtaining top quality ingredients, such as fruit out of season, and by using ingredients that are not usually found in France.
But how did French cuisine come to be so acclaimed? Let's explore the many ways in which French cuisine has had an impact on food and culture around the world. Royal chefs adopted this new haute cuisine, aided by the royal privilege that exempted them from the union system that controlled professional French cuisine.